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轻云博客 > SQL Server数据库设计 > SQLSERVER如何获取一个数据库中的所有表的名称、一个表中所有字段的名称

SQLSERVER如何获取一个数据库中的所有表的名称、一个表中所有字段的名称

作者:Aisencici / 日期:2015-6-3 17:08:00 / 分类:SQL Server数据库设计 / 浏览:2014

1.查询数据库中的所有数据库名:

SELECT Name FROM Master..SysDatabases ORDER BY Name

2.查询某个数据库中所有的表名:

SELECT Name FROM SysObjects Where XType='U' ORDER BY Name

3.查询表结构信息:

SELECT (case when a.colorder=1 then d.name else null end) 表名,  
a.colorder 字段序号,a.name 字段名,
(case when COLUMNPROPERTY( a.id,a.name,'IsIdentity')=1 then '√'else '' end) 标识,
(case when (SELECT count(*) FROM sysobjects  
WHERE (name in (SELECT name FROM sysindexes  
WHERE (id = a.id) AND (indid in  
(SELECT indid FROM sysindexkeys  
WHERE (id = a.id) AND (colid in  
(SELECT colid FROM syscolumns WHERE (id = a.id) AND (name = a.name)))))))  
AND (xtype = 'PK'))>0 then '√' else '' end) 主键,b.name 类型,a.length 占用字节数,  
COLUMNPROPERTY(a.id,a.name,'PRECISION') as 长度,  
isnull(COLUMNPROPERTY(a.id,a.name,'Scale'),0) as 小数位数,(case when a.isnullable=1 then '√'else '' end) 允许空,  
isnull(e.text,'') 默认值,isnull(g.[value], ' ') AS [说明]
FROM  syscolumns a
left join systypes b on a.xtype=b.xusertype  
inner join sysobjects d on a.id=d.id and d.xtype='U' and d.name<>'dtproperties'
left join syscomments e on a.cdefault=e.id  
left join sys.extended_properties g on a.id=g.major_id AND a.colid=g.minor_id
left join sys.extended_properties f on d.id=f.class and f.minor_id=0
where b.name is not null
--WHERE d.name='要查询的表' --如果只查询指定表,加上此条件
order by a.id,a.colorder

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